The art was created by Ineka Voigt from Canberra High School (ACT).
Here, from the Mirror newspaper, are some comments on Ineka's excellent painting:
Ineka wrote that: "... I would reunite mother and child. A weeping mother sits in an ochre desert, dreaming of her children and a life that never was ...all that remains is red sand, tears and the whispers of her stolen dreamtime".
The "stolen generation" refers to the indigenous children who were removed from their families by the government and church missions.
From 1909 to 1969 the Aborigines Protection Amending Act allowed the Aborigines' Protection Board - later the Aboriginal Welfare Board - to take children away from their parents without needing to establish that they were being mistreated in any way.
The children were cut off from their Aboriginal culture and history. Many mixed-race children placed into white families were never told of their black heritage.
In a blog post, Leticia Lentini, brand and events marketing manager for Google Australia, described it as "a powerful and beautiful image" that "helps bring attention to the critical issue of reconciliation in Australia".
However, it has not been so well received by everyone.
Brisbane-based indigenous rights activist Sam Watson has labelled the artwork "enormously disrespectful" and is calling on Google to remove it immediately.
Speaking to the Huffington Post , Watson took particular offence with the topless representation of an indigenous woman, with tribal markings painted on her nude body.
He believes the representation is unacceptable and offers "very plastic caricatures" of his people.